Every film follows an organized filmmaking process. It is usually comprised of three distinct stages: Pre-production, Production, and Post-Production.

 

Pre-production (Planning and Development)

This is where the idea is being created. The screenwriter will develop the script, treatment, and structure of the story. Once the screenplay has been made, financing the movie is the next thing to consider.

In this phase, casting and locations must be secured. A shot list, production schedule and script breakdown are essential in the planning process. Every single item needed for the shoot must be identified including the timings, logistics, props, costume, and effects. Legal agreements such as location permits, actors release forms, and service contracts must be signed before the shoot.

 

Production (Filming)

Each shooting day begins with a call time. Setting up the equipment and the location is one of the first things to be done. Set dressing and camera check-up is necessary. Shots must also need to be set-up. Proper focal length, camera placement, camera movement, and correct lighting should be checked.

Once the camera and lighting are fixed, the actors need to rehearse and the shots need to be blocked. During the take, sound is also being recorded. Every shot is being viewed by the Director to know if there are things that need to be tweaked.

If all the shots are done, the director is satisfied, and the footage has been properly backed-up, the shoot is then wrapped up.

 

Post-production (Editing)

First thing to do before editing is to look over the footage and log it. Editor cuts and stitches the shots together based on the script and/or the treatment. After the rough cut is finished, it is then ready to be color graded.

Sound mixing that involves sound effects, syncing, and sound levels to be adjusted is then done, followed by the music to finish it all.

When the first cut of the film is ready, it is always a good idea to have a test screening.